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Temporomandibular disorders can have a number of symptoms, lasting anywhere from a few days to several years. They most commonly affect people between the ages of 20 to 40, and can be felt on one or both sides of the face.
One of the most common symptoms is a pain in the jaw, face, shoulders, or neck while you chew or open your mouth. This pain is often accompanied by popping, clicking or grating noise when the mouth opens. Your jaw may also get locked in an open position, or your face might simply feel tired or swollen.
Unfortunately, the underlying cause of temporomandibular disorders is unknown. However, certain catalysts can cause the disease to develop. These include injury to the jaw, neck or head due to blunt force trauma or whiplash.
Grinding your teeth while sleeping can also put pressure on the joint, leading to stress and potential damage. In another situation, the disc between the ball and socket of the jaw moves too much, causing irritation. Other potential causes include arthritis of the joint and being overly stressed.
Dr. Donia can help you deal with TMJ issues through certain medications that help to relax the muscles and reduce pain and swelling. He might also recommend a splint or dental mouthpiece to help keep your upper and lower teeth from touching while you sleep. Splints are typically worn all the time and can also help to correct your bite.
Getting dental work to fix missing teeth can help regulate the way you move your jaw. Dr. Donia might suggest crowns, braces, or bridges to help realign your jaw and bite into the proper position.
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