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The main reason a person requires gum surgery is a periodontal disease. Gum disease occurs when plaque and bacteria build up in the mouth, inflaming the gums. This inflammation can cause bleeding when brushing and painful or tender gums. Eventually, the gums begin to loosen and detach from the teeth, forming a pocket.
By performing gum surgery, Dr. Donia can help reduce the size and depth of these pockets to save your teeth from falling out or becoming infected.
The three main types of periodontal surgery include gingival flap surgery, gingivectomy, and gingivoplasty.
Gingival flap surgery is used when your pockets have a depth of greater than five millimeters. The dentist cuts through the affected gum tissue so that they can fold it back. He then performs a deep clean of the area to remove all of the plaque and tartar buildups beneath the gums. After the area is clean, he will reattach the gums and secure them against the teeth.
In a gingivectomy, the dentist will remove any excess or overgrown gum tissue in order to give the patient better access to the teeth underneath.
A gingivoplasty is a process that helps to reshape healthy gum tissue around the affected teeth. This usually involves a gum graft where tissue is taken from the roof of the mouth.
The best way to avoid having gum surgery is to prevent gum disease in the first place. Always practice good oral hygiene by brushing after every meal and flossing at least once a day. Additionally, see your dentist twice a year to receive a thorough dental cleaning and examination.
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